Power Generation

A consequence of rapid economic growth and increasing living standards in many parts of the developing world is that the demand for energy is rising faster than ever.  When this growing demand is set against the crucial need to limit climate change, the challenges facing the world’s power-generating industries are only too apparent.

Fortunately, new technologies are helping some of the emerging and potentially less-damaging sources of energy compete economically with those established techniques that depend upon the combustion of fossil fuels.  Stainless steels have a role to play in many of these new technologies and in this section of the library you will find examples of its use in such important low-carbon or zero-carbon processes as nuclear generation, wave energy, solar panels, geothermal energy and many more.

Where the continued use of fossil fuels is unavoidable, stainless steels can help limit the emissions per Kwh through the use of more efficient turbines and recently-introduced “combined-cycle” generators.

Solar Energy for a Housing Estate

In an eco-housing complex in Valdepiélago, around 45 km northeast of Madrid, solar collectors integrated into the roof play a key role in energy supply. In contrast to conventional solar modules, however, the absorber panels here are not made of lightweight or nonferrous cuprous metal, but of stainless steel sheet.

More details are available in English and German [clicking on the language will open the pdf]

Published: 2/9/2016
Last modified: 2/9/2016

Stainless steel tanks for biogas production

This publication is written for designers and owners of biogas plants and gives information on the design, fabrication and installation of stainless steel biodigester tanks. Much of the information in the brochure was developed during the EU’s Research Fund for Coal and Steel project: Innovative and competitive solutions using stainless steel and adhesive bonding in biogas production (BIOGASS). This was a three year research project which was completed in 2016. The project partners included stainless steel producers, research institutes, universities and a tank manufacturer. Through experimental tests, field trials and numerical analysis, the project generated design guidance for a range of grades of stainless steels which are suitable for application in biodigesters.

Download the publication here

Published: 12/8/2016
Last modified: 12/8/2016

Long Products in Renewable Energy and Energy Saving Applications

Mitigating climate change is one of the major challenges today. The development of new energy sources and energy savings calls for a wide range of technologies, in which stainless steels prove useful. ISSF has launched a new animation, which explains where stainless steel is and can be used.

Available as a flash animation or a pdf

Published: 2/5/2013
Last modified: 2/5/2013

Stainless Steel in Biogas Production

A Sustainable Solution for Green Energy.

Energy from biomass is among the cheapest forms of renewable energy. The equipment to produce biogas comes into contact with corrosive elements. Properly specified stainless steels can withstand the corrosive materials in a biogas plant. This brochure explains why stainless steel is typically utilised in digesters, pumps and valves, agitators, pipes and fittings and purification applications.

Download the brochure here

Published: 2/10/2012
Last modified: 2/10/2012

Biomass and Stainless steel

The bioenergy market in France: What opportunities for stainless steel industry?

This report from students of the Paris Sorbonne University outlines the the current situation and prospects for renewable energy in France.

You can download the report here.

Published: 22/6/2012
Last modified: 22/6/2012

Stainless Steel in Solar Energy Use

This brochure details current best practice and stainless steel solutions to harness the energy of the sun. It provides designers with information about current stainless steel options for solar energy capture and an overview of the technical properties of stainless steel.

Download the brochure here

Two case studies on stainless steel in Solar Energy Use are also available:

The stainless steel solar facade of a highway maintenance building at Bursins, Switzerland

This brochure introduces a highway maintenance building was developed as a replacement for an existing maintenance building on the same site. The client, État de Vaud, organised an architectural competition for the design of the new building. For the first time in western Switzerland, clear sustainability demands were outlined in an architectural competition. The client demanded that the ecological, energy and economic aspects of sustainability should be considered in the design of the building. Download here

Stainless Steel Tilted Solar Roof: German Nautical Museum Stralsund

In this case study we want to show how a stainless steel-based solution was used in a photovoltaic application. Thin stainless steel foil serves as a substrate for the photovoltaic cells. Download here

Published: 11/5/2012
Last modified: 11/5/2012

Moly Does the Job – Power Plant Condensers

Many power plants have solved the problem of erosion or corrosion of copper alloy condensers by replacing the tube bundles with 4 to 6% molybdenum- containing stainless steels. Nicole Kinsman, formerly of Technical Marketing Resources (Consultants to IMOA) is the author (79 Kb pdf)

Source: International Molybdenum Association

Download this document

Published: 10/5/2012
Last modified: 10/5/2012

New Solar & Tidal Technologies

Paper originally delivered at the BSSA Conference 'Stainless Solutions for a Sustainable Future' held in Rotherham on 3rd April 2003. This power point presentation suggests why businesses should be looking towards tidal and solar power and how stainless steel can be used in Renewable Energy. It describes the effectiveness of the applications, the benefits and costs of using renewable energy resources and comments on the future of renew ability and the commercial potential.

Source: British Stainless Steel Association

Open this document

Published: 10/5/2012
Last modified: 10/5/2012

Generator End Ring

The diameter of the end ring of a turbo generator can be between 0.5 and 1.6 metres. The end ring must pass stringent tests to ensure it can operate without deformation at speeds ranging from 3,000 to 3,600 revolutions per minute. A 20% overspeed test is also conducted before the end rings are passed for use.

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Published: 10/5/2012
Last modified: 10/5/2012

Steam Turbine Blades

Coal, gas and nuclear powerplants produce electricity by heating water to create steam. The steam is driven through turbine blades at very high pressure. The blades drive the turbine which generates electricity.

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Published: 10/5/2012
Last modified: 10/5/2012

Cryogenic Valve for Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)

This valve operates at cryogenic temperatures, in harsh weather conditions. Dimensional stability is required during cycles ranging from ambient temperature to liquid natural gas temperatures (usually -196° C) to avoid leakage. Perfect reliability is essential.

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Published: 10/5/2012
Last modified: 10/5/2012

Solar Water Heaters - The Ferritic Solution

The new millennium brings with it a new level of concern about the ‘cost’ of energy. This means not just the ever-rising financial cost to consumers but the cost to the planet of the way we generate our energy, consume non-renewable fuels and pollute our environment in the process.

Available in English and 中文 (clicking on the language will open the pdf)

Published: 10/5/2012
Last modified: 10/5/2012